Employment
 

Work has more going for it than drudgery, or people would not feel so lost and disoriented when they become unemployed. How would one feels if one thought he would never get a job? In contemporary societies, having a job is important for maintaining self-teem. Even where work conditions are relatively unpleasant, and the tasks involved dull, work tends to be a structuring element in people’s psychological make-up and the cycle of their daily activities.


Social Protection and Inclusion
 

Inclusion is a process that started only the last decennia and still has a long way to go.

For centuries people with disabilities were murdered, neglected or locked up in closed establishments. Poor people and ill people were repudiated; unemployed were considered lazy and were despised.
Illness, disabilities, addiction, unemployment … was seen as a shortcoming of the person and was a sufficient reason to exclude that person from participation.

However, our society isn’t complete, if we don’t consider all individuals as worthy persons, even though we are not the same. Society must provide and maintain all services to those who need support.

Inclusion goes a step further than integration.  Whereas integration means that someone must adapt to society and its benchmarks, inclusion implies that everyone can participate as a worthy citizen on all levels: education, work, housing, leisure time.
All thresholds that lead to exclusion must be eliminated. Society must do efforts to make society accessible on all levels for every individual. It is self-evident that everyone must be able to co-operate despite our differences.

Exclusion is multi-dimensional: disadvantage is simultaneously economic and social: unemployment, disability, poverty, illness, age and sex often isolate people and make participating in social and cultural life difficult.

A systematic approach is necessary for inclusion, as aspects of deprivation are interrelated in complex ways. The prototype of structural solidarity in a welfare state is of course social security. It means that people are no longer dependent on charity or the goodwill of their environment.

Legislation bt itself can’t overdue the cultural and social exclusion, if we don’t build a bridge between those who are included and those who aren’t. What’s the worth of a social renting law, if the owner doesn’t want to rent to an unemployed person?

The concrete refusal, the fact not to be accepted is a lot harder to bear than the financial. Legacy can never put on social engagement; however this kind of solidarity is needed to let the social laws function and give them a chance of success. It is the tactful teacher who makes the difference and the employer who gives a job chance to the unemployed or the non governmental organization who gives training courses to persons with disabilities.

Working Conditions
 

For most of us, work occupies a larger part of our lives than any other single type of activity. We often associate the notion of work with drugery- with a set of tasks that we want to minimize. Work has its specific characteristics or conditions which one should highlight; Money, activity level, variety, temporal structure and personal identity are among these characteristics which define work as one of the major acivities of our lives.


Anti-discrimination
 

To discriminate socially is to make a distinction between people on the basis of class or category without regard to individual merit. Examples include racial, religious, sexual, disability, ethnic, height-related, and age-related discrimination. We should all strive in building a more equal society based on the intrinsic worth of every individual rather on characteristics which society labels as good or bad.


Diversity and Gender Equality
 

Diversity is the term used to describe the relative uniqueness of each individual in the population. This condition is considered favourable as the garget the variety of genes available to the genetic algorithm greater the likelihood of the system identifying alternate solutions.

The state of being different or diverse. When used to describe people and population groups, diversity encompasses such factors as age, gender, race, ethnicity, ability, and religion, as well as education, professional background, and marital and parental status. Diversity indicates variety but is not synonymous with pluralism, which is a process or system of actions.

Equality is a social state of affairs in which certain different people have the same status in a certain respect. There are different forms of equality, depending on the persons and social situations in question; the people in question are men and women (contrasted) and the social situation is the search for a job.


Youths
 
In the age between pre-adolescence and the age of thirty, several changes occur in the life of every person. These years could be tough if no support is found particularly in this phase of great decisions. Cultural and personal challenges are integral in this period of life. Question on work, sexual orientation, future and friends are among the questions people do in years of their youths. Society could vary in the way it perceives youths. For some youths are nothing more than delinquents and rebellious people disturbing harmony in society. For others they are the spine of society; inflicting enthusiasm, joy and hope during social tribulations.

Elderly
 

Physical decline in people can cause emotional stress. Older people endure more pain, become resigned to limited activities, adjust to greater activities, adjust to greater dependence on others and see in the death of friends or relatives frequent reminders of their own mortality. Moreover, because our culture places such a premium on youth, ageing may spark frustration, fear and self-doubt.